In the wild, the presence of predators is a threat to weaker animals. To be spared, it takes several ways. In addition to hiding, changing shape or commonly called shape shifting is a capability that can be relied upon. There are many animals that are equipped with the ability to shape shifting or change shape. Who are these animals?
1. Mold Slime
A yellow gel from your nightmare is included in this list, Slime mold. Yellow creatures that move strangely when looking for food have a strange ability. The mold slime always changes shape and keeps changing until this yellow gel gets something that it can eat. Not entirely to survive from predators.
Named mold slime because this creature is similar to several other similar organisms. They are single cell organisms that multiply by dividing themselves. A test conducted to observe mold slime movements is carried out in a labyrinth designed like the city of Tokyo. Scientists put wheat in one place and observe the movement of the Slime mold. The slime mold moves to reach the grain by forming a pattern like a train track.
2. Sea Cucumbers
Sea cucumber or sea cucumber, including invertebrates or spinal-free animals. And most invertebrate animals, they have the ability to change their body shape according to surrounding conditions. Sea cucumber, can change its shape when looking for food and when dealing with predators.
When hunting for food, sea cucumber can remove a number of tentacles to bind the food so as not to escape. When the sea cucumber is under threat, they release their body contents from the anus. These filaments from their bodies contain poisons that can kill predators.
3. Tentacled Caterpillar / Horned-spanworms
Seeing the picture above, you must be guessing, what animal is that? That also happened to entomologists, Aaron Pomerantz. When Pomerantz was watching the tip of the canopy tree in Peru’s Forest, he found something strange. Something he thought of as a leaf turned out to be an animal that he had never seen before.
Apparently, an animal similar to the leaf is an insect named Tentacled Caterpillar or Horned-spanworms. In essence, the animal is a caterpillar. Strangely, every time Pomerantz shouted, the caterpillar took out several tentacles and the length increased. Initial prediction, the tentacles released are useful for camouflage so that predators wrongly prey. Apparently, the tentacle is useful for detecting vibrations and warns of enemies. The actual ability of this caterpillar is to change its body like a fallen leaf.
4. Deepstaria Enigmatica
The ocean in storing a million secrets that are waiting to be solved by scientists. When you swim to a depth of 1,500 meters below sea level, you can find one jellyfish that is not like a jellyfish in general. The terrible jellyfish is called Deepstaria enigmatica.
Deepstaria enigmatica was found and identified in 1967. This jellyfish is very thin and wide. They have absolutely no shape like jellyfish in general. Deepstaria enigmatica has the shapeshifting ability used to find food. They will widen the body like a parachute, swallow prey, and sting it with the cells they have.
5. Octopus Vulgaris
Octopus (Octopus vulgaris) is equipped with many unique abilities. All of these abilities are used so that he can survive. Remembering the body of the octopus that looks very easy to eat. There are 2 ways the octopus survives, first by hiding, and second by changing body shape.
With long tentacles, the octopus changes its shape to make it look bigger than predators. They are also able to change the color of their body according to the surrounding conditions. If the method still fails, the flexible octopus’s body makes it easy to escape through small cracks in the rock.
Pufferfish has another name for puffer fish. this one fish is famous for its very deadly poison. But, in Japan, Pufferfish or fugu is one of the favorite culinary delicacies and is sold at a very expensive price. Pufferfish is known as a sea creature that is unique because of its ability to change shape.
If it is not in danger, Pufferfish looks very funny, once they feel threatened, they will change shape. Their bodies will expand and give off sharp spikes. Its flexible and thick skin makes it difficult for predators to prey on them. Pufferfish makes the body bigger by swallowing large amounts of water.
Don’t mistake the shape of this animal. Many think this is a squid or octopus child, but it isn’t. Cuttlefish, the name of this one creature. Indeed, this animal has relatives with squid and octopus, but it is a different animal. Cuttlefish has unique communication skills using colors and patterns from the skin.
One more thing that is unique about Cuttlefish is that it has a shapeshifting ability or changes shape. Cuttlefish, can change body shape and color resembles algae, coral, seaweed, and other sea creatures. Of course this is done so that he is not easily preyed by predators.
8. Northern White-Faced Owl
Not all owls are as unique as Northern White-Faced. This owl has a strategy to frighten its opponents. Northern White-Faced can change its shape to be bigger or more, depending on the size of the enemy it faces. This owl is found in many parts of Africa.
When Northern White-Faced confronts an enemy that is equal to itself, it will expand to spread its wings and feathers to get more involved. When meeting a smaller enemy, Northern White-Faced will insert its wings into its body, making itself smaller. This is done so that he can be disguised like a tree branch.
9. Mimic Octopus
Mimic octopus is not a rare octopus, there are many types of octopus that can be found on the seabed. The first time Mimic Octopus was discovered in 1998. Mimic Octopus has very many abilities such as the ability to change colors, shapes, and habits. The Mimic Octopus will change depending on how dangerous the situation is.
Because Mimic octopus is very vulnerable to attack, it will change the shape of itself like other animals that cannot be attacked. For example, Mimic octopus will disguise itself as a poisonous Flounder Fish. Mimic octopus can also change its shape to overtake Lionfish or poisonous sea snakes.
10. Mutable Rainfrog
It is natural for invertebrate animals to have the ability to change shape, but it becomes very unnatural if vertebrate animals can do it too. One of the vertebrate animals known to be able to change shape is the Mutable rainfrog, found in Ecuador in 2006.
When under normal circumstances, Mutable Rainfrog looks like a frog in general, slippery and wet. When they are threatened, then they change by showing thorns on his body. This change of skin from what was originally smooth to spiked made the researchers curious and conducted deeper investigations.